Prepare for Dry Weather... Wildfires can occur anywhere and can destroy homes, businesses, infrastructure, natural resources, and agriculture. Give your household the best chance of surviving a wildfire by being ready to go and evacuating early. Being ready to go also means knowing when to evacuate and what to do if you become trapped. https://www.readyforwildfire.org/prepare-for-wildfire/get-set/wildfire-action-plan/?fbclid=IwAR3vfE1Yooy1JSkVkWnJGnyHcfcOfipLVJAKdXGYMECW8YNzSzzVEI6MenU
CREATE A WILDFIRE ACTION PLAN
Keep your property lean and green to help protect your family and home.
Creating defensible space is essential to improve your home’s chance of surviving a wildfire. It’s the buffer you create between a building on your property and the grass, trees, shrubs, or any wildland area that surround it. This space is needed to slow or stop the spread of wildfire and it protects your home from catching fire—either from direct flame contact or radiant heat. Defensible space is also important for the protection of the firefighters defending your home.
The concept of the home ignition zone was developed by retired USDA Forest Service fire scientist Jack Cohen in the late 1990s, following some breakthrough experimental research into how homes ignite due to the effects of radiant heat. The HIZ is divided into three zones.
The home and the area 0-5’ from the furthest attached exterior point of the home; defined as a non-combustible area. Science tells us this is the most important zone to take immediate action on as it is the most vulnerable to embers. START WITH THE HOUSE ITSELF then move into the landscaping section of the Immediate Zone.
5-30’ from the furthest exterior point of the home. Landscaping/hardscaping- employing careful landscaping or creating breaks that can help influence and decrease fire behavior
30-100 feet, out to 200 feet. Landscaping – the goal here is not to eliminate fire but to interrupt fire’s path and keep flames smaller and on the ground.
*The distances listed for crown spacing are suggested based on NFPA 1144. However, the crown spacing needed to reduce/prevent crown fire potential could be significantly greater due to slope, the species of trees involved and other site specific conditions. Check with your local forestry professional to get advice on what is appropriate for your property.
Pine needles, leaves and other debris around your home create fuel for fires. As we move into summer, warm/dry conditions with Low humidity & wind, any fire to spread rapidly. Build on beyond 5 feet from your house. By addressing this area from 5 to 30 feet from your house you can influence and decrease fire behavior prior to it reaching your house. http://www.readyforwildfire.org/Defensible-Space/
Fire Resistant Plants
A fuel break that includes fire-resistant plans can help protect your home by reducing and blocking intense heat. Learn at fire-resistant plants about: https://www.dnr.wa.gov/publications/rp_fire_resistantplants_in_nw.pdf?kukl1
Homeowners can play an important role in making key choices that help protect their homes against wildfire risks.
Wildfire embers, or fire brands, can be blown up to 2 miles away from the main wildfire, and land on vulnerable areas of your home and surrounding property. Making smart choices about landscaping, removing debris like pine needles and leaves, and establishing clearance zones can help keep your home safer from wildfire.
Science has proven that taking precautions like these can make a difference when your home is at risk from wildfire.
Learn 5 key areas around your home to inspect when assessing your property's wildfire risk.
While wildfires burn across the country, and especially in the west, they don’t have to burn everything in their path. NFPA provides action steps for residents to reduce wildfire risks, including seven tips to help keep homes from igniting in a wildfire.
Wildfire risk reduction projects are not just for your immediate home, but also apply to the outbuildings on your property. Learn what structures on your property you need to consider when preparing for wildfire.
Just as humans prepare, it’s important to have household pets and horses ready year-round for a potential wildfire evacuation. Preparing animals for an evacuation, however, requires an extra level of planning, preparedness and practice. NFPA’s TakeAction campaign provides the tips you need to start putting your pet emergency kit together now, before a wildfire threatens your area.
Make a plan to keep your pets safe if there’s a wildfire!
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